Pakistan and Russia have decided on the deadline for crude oil exports in late March after the conclusion of the annual inter-governmental commission between the two countries concluded.

The Minister of State for Petroleum, Musadik Malik, said that Pakistan intends to import 35 per cent of its entire crude oil needs from Russia. He added that Russia does not have liquefied natural gas (LNG) for Pakistan currently.

Russian Energy Minister Nikolay Shulginov also stated that Pakistan will pay for its energy purchases from Russia in the currencies of friendly nations when they begin in late March.

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Last year, the government of Pakistan sent representatives to Russia, and as a result, the state minister for petroleum of Pakistan announced that Russia would supply crude oil at a reduced price.

Russian oil and gas have not historically been widely imported by Pakistan.

Islamabad and Moscow agreed during the negotiations that the oil and gas trading transaction will be set up such that both nations can profit economically after reaching an agreement on the technical details.

The leaders also decided to expand energy infrastructure investment, improve energy trade, and strengthen energy cooperation under advantageous strategic and commercial circumstances.

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A “Comprehensive Plan for Energy Cooperation” that will serve as the framework for future work and be completed in 2023 has been agreed to by both parties.

The federal and provincial governments of Pakistan welcomed the Russian side to consider prospective initiatives, including those involving public-private partnerships and asked the Russian businesses to investigate these options.

“Both sides have resolved the pending issues related to the exchange of information on certificates of origin of goods with the use of an electronic verification system and shall endeavour to finalise the above-mentioned protocols by the end of May 2023,” the joint statement issued in this regard read.

In order to improve their mutual collaboration and talk about issues pertaining to connectivity and logistics in Central and South Asia, the authorities decided to designate focus points for each side.

It was also resolved at the talks held over the last three days that creative business practises, such as bartering, would be used. They also agreed to further investigate the possibility.

“In the context of the desire of both parties to promote regional integration and Eurasian connectivity, the two sides agreed to share information towards developing and improving rail and road infrastructure,” the statement read.

The documents signed during the session included an “Agreement regarding cooperation and mutual assistance in customs matters,” a “Protocol on the Exchange of Documents and Data on the Customs Value of Goods Transported,”  and a “Working Agreement on the Airworthiness of Aeronautical Products.”

The seventh IGC’s debates and choices served as the foundation for the eighth session, which moved the process ahead and looked at new possibilities for collaboration.

Additionally, Pakistan and Russia decided to extend their cooperation in the areas of commerce and investment, energy, communication, transportation, higher education, industry, railroads, banking, finance, customs, agriculture, science, and technology.