After becoming the first country to land a craft on the moon’s south pole, India will be soon launching its first space-based observatory to study the sun.

According to Al-jazeera, India’s space agency, in an announcement on Monday, said the Aditya-L1 probe, to be launched on September 2, will study solar winds, which can cause disturbances on Earth and are commonly seen as auroras.

Aditya-L1 is named after the Hindi word for the sun. It will travel about 1.5 million km (932,000 miles) and will take about four months to travel to its observation point, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said in a post on X, formerly Twitter.


The spacecraft will be fired into a halo orbit in a region of space that will give the craft a continuous clear view of the sun.

“This will provide a greater advantage of observing the solar activities and its effect on space weather in real time,” ISRO said.

As reported by Al-Jazeera, the spacecraft will be carrying seven payloads to observe the sun’s outermost layers – known as the photosphere and chromosphere – including electromagnetic and particle field detectors.

Previously, NASA and the European Space Agency placed probes into orbit to study the sun.